According to UNAIDS, there are approximately seven million people living with HIV in South Africa.

More than three million people are receiving antiretroviral treatment and the epidemic disproportionately affects key populations such as sex workers and men who sex with men (MSM).

The AIDS Legal Network (ALN) is a human rights organisation committed to the promotion, protection and realisation of fundamental rights and freedoms of people living with, and affected by, HIV and AIDS.

Founded in 1994, its focus has been to respond to both the legal and ethical challenges presented by HIV. They do this by providing human rights and legal literacy training, by documenting and responding to rights violations and abuses through its Legal Advice Desk, and by advocating for law reform both nationally and internationally.

In 2016, ALN reached 3,674 people with stigma and discrimination reduction activities. ALN has also  published 'They Have No Right To Do That', which documents women’s experiences accessing healthcare.