Cambodia has had many successes in its response to HIV. It has halted and reversed the transmission of HIV, with new infections dropping by half in the last decade (between 2001 and 2012).
But there is still work to be done. The epidemic continues to be concentrated among certain groups of people at higher risk of infection: entertainment workers, men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, people who inject drugs, and prisoners. Current HIV prevalence within these populations range from 2.3% among MSM to 24.8% among people who inject drugs.
We have been responding to HIV in Cambodia for almost 15 years. What started as an Alliance project in 1997 has now grown into KHANA, the largest non-governmental organisation working on HIV in Cambodia. In 2016, KHANA reached over 18,000 people with HIV treatment, care and support, and provided integrated HIV and sexual and reproductive health services to over 52,800 people.
Although the number of new infections has decreased significantly, we need to keep working to see this number fall even further. KHANA’s work helps prevent new infections, particularly among key affected populations, including sex workers, MSM, and people who use drugs. In 2016, KHANA’s prevention work reached over 62,5200 people in key affected populations.
In the same year, KHANA’s Centre for Population Health Research published an impressive 14 peer-reviewed journal articles. The topics studied ranged from providing services to vulnerable populations such as people who use drugs and sex workers, to the use of alternative medicine for non-communicable diseases.