Cambodia has had many successes in its response to HIV. It has halted and reduced the transmission of HIV, with new infections dropping from 3,900 in 2005 to less than 1,000 in 2016.
But there is still work to be done. The epidemic continues to be concentrated among certain groups of people at higher risk of infection: entertainment workers, men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, people who inject drugs, and prisoners. Current HIV prevalence within these populations range from 2.3% among MSM to 24.8% among people who inject drugs.
We have been responding to HIV in Cambodia for over 20 years. What started as an Alliance project in 1997 has now grown into KHANA, the largest non-governmental organisation working on HIV in Cambodia.
Although the number of new infections has decreased significantly, we need to keep working to see this number fall even further. KHANA’s work helps prevent new infections, particularly among key affected populations. In 2017, KHANA’s prevention work reached over 65,500 people in key affected populations, including 17,800 MSM, 43,720 sex workers, 3,595 transgender people and 445 people who use drugs.
In the same year, KHANA’s Centre for Population Health Research published an impressive 12 peer-reviewed journal articles. The topics studied ranged from HIV prevalence among Transgendered Women; Non-Communicable Diseases among PLHIV; Inconsistent condom use by sweethearts; Harm reduction intervention and policies and the Transition to Adult Care for children living with HIV in Cambodia.